Image of the Month

Damavand, the highest Asian inactive volcano in the Alborz mountains, around 66 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (the highest elevation is 5,671 m) (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, Winter 2015).

A winter view of Abali, around 57 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, 2015).


Announcement

The collection of articles appearing in the current book consists of manuscripts on the history of medicine in Iran, initially published from 1998 to 2014 in the “Archives of Iranian Medicine” (AIM). These articles are categorized into four separate parts, based on their subjects: Part 1) Ancient Times, Medieval Period, Part 2) Contemporary Medicine, Part 3) Outstanding Physicians and Part 4) Historical Background of Fatal Diseases in Iran. These 73 manuscripts have now been compiled in a 446 pages book for those who are interested in the history of Iranian medicine.more

Since the Archive of Iranian Medicine (AIM) journal presents as Open Access monthly, online periodical from May 2013, thus dear readers may refer to the journal website (www.aimjournal.ir) for free downloading of the published papers.

AIM Office


About Us

A Monthly Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal Published by the Academy of Medical Sciences of the I.R. Iran; Indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINHAL, PASCAL, CSA, SID, ISSN: Print 1029-2977, Online 1735-3947.The impact factor of Archives of Iranian Medicine according to Journal Citation Reports®(JCR®) 2012 is 1.222.

Selected Article
Underlying Causes of Persistent and Recurrent Pneumonia in Children at a Pulmonary Referral Hospital in Tehran, Iran 1

Authors’ affiliations: 1Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, 2Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Corresponding author and reprints:  Ferial Lotfian MD, Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Tel.: +98-21-27122003, Fax: +98-21-20109484, E-mail: lotfianferial@yahoo.com

Accepted for publication: 2 March 2017

Pubmedxml   Download PDF Fulltext
Authors: Mohammad Reza Bolursaz1, *Ferial Lotfian2, Hossein Ali Ghaffaripour3, Maryam Hassanzad4,
 
Keywords: Aspiration, children, persistent pneumonia, recurrent, tuberculosis

BACKGROUND: There is limited data on recurrent or persistent pneumonia in children, particularly inthe developing world. This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study of children with recurrent or persistent pneumonia admitted to the Pediatric Department of Massih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

METHODS: Children under 18 years of age, who were admitted to the hospital with pneumonia between 2007 and 2013, were investigated to find out the prevalence of recurrent and persistent pneumonia and to recognize their underlying diseases. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all data.

RESULTS: Out of 601 children admitted for pneumonia, 229 (38.1%) met the criteria for recurrent or persistent pneumonia. An underlying illness was identified in 194 patients (84.72%). The most common underlying causes of recurrent pneumonia included aspiration syndrome (51.75%), recurrent wheezing (20.17%), and congenital heart diseases (20.17%). The most common underlying illness of persistent pneumonia included pulmonary tuberculosis (38.75%), recurrent wheezing (28.75%), and aspiration syndrome (26.25%).

CONCLUSIONS: The result showed that the majority of patients with recurrent or persistent pneumonia had an underlying illness. New strategies and guidelines are required for early diagnosis of underlying causes of recurrent or persistent pneumonia in children.

 
ISSN:1029-2977       Article type:Original
  
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