Image of the Month

Damavand, the highest Asian inactive volcano in the Alborz mountains, around 66 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (the highest elevation is 5,671 m) (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, Winter 2015).

A winter view of Abali, around 57 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, 2015).


Announcement

The collection of articles appearing in the current book consists of manuscripts on the history of medicine in Iran, initially published from 1998 to 2014 in the “Archives of Iranian Medicine” (AIM). These articles are categorized into four separate parts, based on their subjects: Part 1) Ancient Times, Medieval Period, Part 2) Contemporary Medicine, Part 3) Outstanding Physicians and Part 4) Historical Background of Fatal Diseases in Iran. These 73 manuscripts have now been compiled in a 446 pages book for those who are interested in the history of Iranian medicine.more

Since the Archive of Iranian Medicine (AIM) journal presents as Open Access monthly, online periodical from May 2013, thus dear readers may refer to the journal website (www.aimjournal.ir) for free downloading of the published papers.

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A Monthly Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal Published by the Academy of Medical Sciences of the I.R. Iran; Indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINHAL, PASCAL, CSA, SID, ISSN: Print 1029-2977, Online 1735-3947.The impact factor of Archives of Iranian Medicine according to Journal Citation Reports®(JCR®) 2012 is 1.222.

Announcement
Dear Readers;

The Archives of Iranian Medicine Journal will not accept case reports from March 2015 until December 2016.

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Selected Article
Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Risk of Diabetes Type 2: A Population-Based Case-Control Study 1

 Authors’ affiliations: 1Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran, 2Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran, 3Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.             

•Corresponding author and reprints: Akbar Fazel-tabar Malekshah PhD, Public Health Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, P. O. Box: 486717–887. Tel: +98-11-333996600, E–mail: afmalekshah@yahoo.com.

Jamshid Yazdani Charati PhD, Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, School of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran, P. O. Box:  48175-1553 Tel: +98-15-13543080-5, E-mail: jamshid_1380@yahoo.com.

Accepted for publication: 17 December 2015

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Authors: Marsa Zaroudi1, *Jamshid Yazdani Charati2, Sharmin Mehrabi3, Elham Ghorbani4, Jalal Norouzkhani5, Hamid Shirashiani6, Bahar Nikzad7, Mirhossein Seiedpour8, Morteza Izadi9, Mohammadreza Mirzaei10, Ghasem Oveis11, Nader Ahangar12, Hossein Azadeh13, Ozra Akha14, *Akbar Fazel-tabar Malekshah15,
 
Keywords: Case-control, diabetes type 2, diet, dietary pattern, food frequency questionnaire

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the relationship between major dietary patterns and risk of diabetes type 2 among Iranian adults.

METHODS: In this population-based case-control study in Mazandaran province, we enrolled 332 subjects (110 newly diagnosed cases and 222 controls) aged 43 – 77 years. Dietary intakes were collected using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Data on demographic, anthropometric, socioeconomic characteristics and other covariates were collected using structured lifestyle questionnaires. Factor analysis was used to identify major dietary patterns. Odds ratios (OR) were calculated for risk of type 2 diabetes across quartiles of dietary pattern scores. 
RESULTS: Three major dietary patterns were identified, including: “healthy”, “transitional” and “traditional”. A significant direct association was found between the transitional dietary pattern and risk of diabetes type 2 after adjustment of potential confounders (OR = 2.17; 95% CI: 1.0, 4.50; Ptrend = 0.02). The traditional dietary pattern was significantly associated with the increased risk of diabetes type 2 after controlling for confounders (OR = 2.13; 95% CI: 1.03, 4.41; Ptrend = 0.01). There was no significant relationship between healthy dietary pattern and risk of diabetes type 2. 
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, transitional dietary pattern characterized by high consumption of salt, organ meats, dried fruits, poultry, tea, low- fat dairy and other vegetables. Traditional dietary pattern characterized by high intakes of garlic, dough, high- fat dairy, dried fruits, red meats, grains, as well as animal and hydrogenated fats were associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. No significant associations were found between the healthy dietary pattern and risk of diabetes type 2.
 
ISSN:1029-2977       Article type:Original
  
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