Image of the Month

Damavand, the highest Asian inactive volcano in the Alborz mountains, around 66 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (the highest elevation is 5,671 m) (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, Winter 2015).

A winter view of Abali, around 57 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, 2015).


Announcement

The collection of articles appearing in the current book consists of manuscripts on the history of medicine in Iran, initially published from 1998 to 2014 in the “Archives of Iranian Medicine” (AIM). These articles are categorized into four separate parts, based on their subjects: Part 1) Ancient Times, Medieval Period, Part 2) Contemporary Medicine, Part 3) Outstanding Physicians and Part 4) Historical Background of Fatal Diseases in Iran. These 73 manuscripts have now been compiled in a 446 pages book for those who are interested in the history of Iranian medicine.more

Since the Archive of Iranian Medicine (AIM) journal presents as Open Access monthly, online periodical from May 2013, thus dear readers may refer to the journal website (www.aimjournal.ir) for free downloading of the published papers.

AIM Office


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A Monthly Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal Published by the Academy of Medical Sciences of the I.R. Iran; Indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINHAL, PASCAL, CSA, SID, ISSN: Print 1029-2977, Online 1735-3947.The impact factor of Archives of Iranian Medicine according to Journal Citation Reports®(JCR®) 2012 is 1.222.

Announcement
Dear Readers;

The Archives of Iranian Medicine Journal will not accept case reports from March 2015 until December 2016.

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AIM Office
  
Selected Article
Socioeconomic Disparities in Dietary and Physical Activity Habits of Iranian Children and Adolescents: the CASPIAN-IV Study 1

 Authors’ affiliations: 1Department of Pediatrics, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. 2Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. 3Department of Epidemiology, Chronic Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 4Pediatrics Department, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

·Corresponding authors and reprints: Silva Hovsepian MD, PhD Candidate, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non Communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran and Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. E-mails: silvahovsepsecret@gmail.com; Tel: 0098-3137923320-21; Fax:0098-3137923320

Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh MD, Pediatrics Department, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.  E-mail: motlagh@health.gov.ir

Accepted for publication: 15 May 2016

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Authors: Roya Kelishadi1, Mostafa Qorbani2, *Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh3, Gelayol Ardalan4, Ramin Heshmat5, Silva Hovsepian6,
 
Keywords: Adolescents, children, dietary habits, physical activity, socioeconomic status

 BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the dietary and physical activity (PA) habits in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents based on their family and regional socioeconomic status (SES). 

METHOD: This nationwide study was conducted on 14,880 students, aged 6-18 years, and one of their parents living in urban and rural areas of 30 provinces in Iran. Data regarding PA, screen time and dietary habits were recorded using two sets of questionnaires for both students and their parents. The results were compared according to the SES of the family and the living region. 
RESULT: Overall, 13,486 students completed the study (90.6% participation rate) with a mean age of 12.5 (95% CI: 12.3–12.6) years. Comparing family SES, the level of PA was similar in the three SES groups. The total screen time, working computer with and watching TV was significantly higher in those with higher family SES (P < 0.05). Consumption of meat, dairy products, rice, fruit, and vegetables was significantly higher in families with higher SES. Consumption of salty snacks and sweet drinks was significantly lower in families with higher SES level. Sedentary lifestyle was more prevalent in regions with higher SES. The dietary habits of inhabitants of regions with low SES was similar to that reported for individuals with low family SES. 
CONCLUSION: Both family and regional SES might impact lifestyle habits from early life. Participants with higher SES had healthier dietary habits but lower PA level than their counterparts with lower SES. Socioeconomic disparities should be considered for public health interventions aiming to improve lifestyle habits.
 
ISSN:1029-2977       Article type:Original
  
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