Image of the Month

Damavand, the highest Asian inactive volcano in the Alborz mountains, around 66 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (the highest elevation is 5,671 m) (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, Winter 2015).

A winter view of Abali, around 57 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, 2015).


The collection of articles appearing in the current book consists of manuscripts on the history of medicine in Iran, initially published from 1998 to 2014 in the “Archives of Iranian Medicine” (AIM). These articles are categorized into four separate parts, based on their subjects: Part 1) Ancient Times, Medieval Period, Part 2) Contemporary Medicine, Part 3) Outstanding Physicians and Part 4) Historical Background of Fatal Diseases in Iran. These 73 manuscripts have now been compiled in a 446 pages book for those who are interested in the history of Iranian medicine.more

Since the Archive of Iranian Medicine (AIM) journal presents as Open Access monthly, online periodical from May 2013, thus dear readers may refer to the journal website ( for free downloading of the published papers.

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A Monthly Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal Published by the Academy of Medical Sciences of the I.R. Iran; Indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINHAL, PASCAL, CSA, SID, ISSN: Print 1029-2977, Online 1735-3947.The impact factor of Archives of Iranian Medicine according to Journal Citation Reports®(JCR®) 2012 is 1.222.

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The Archives of Iranian Medicine Journal will not accept case reports from March 2015 until December 2015.

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AIM Office
Selected Article
Equity Chasm in Megacities: Five Leading Causes of Death in Tehran 1

 Authors’ affiliations: 1Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 2Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Science Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 4Department of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 5Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 6Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.7Department of Basic Sciences, School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

*Equally contributed as corresponding authors

•Corresponding authors and reprints: *Amir Kavousi PhD. Address: Next to Sahel Park, Noor Blvd, Hakimiyeh, Tehran Pars, Tehran, Iran. Postal code: 1659644311. Tel: +98-21-77309961. Fax: +98-21-77309594. E-mail: kavousi

** Farshad Farzadfar MD MPH DSc, Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Address: No. 4, 4th Floor, Ostad Nejatollahi St., Enqelab Ave., Tehran 1599666615, Iran. Tel: 98-21-88913543, Fax: 98-21-88913549; E-mail:

Accepted for publication: 23 September 2015

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Authors: Kimiya Gohari1, Mahboubeh Parsaeian2, Ali Sheidaei3, Shadi Rahimzadeh4, Ahmad Reza Baghestani5, Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi6, Forough Pazhuheian7, Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam8, Anita Mansouri9, Shohreh Naderimagham10, *Amir Kavousi11, *Farshad Farzadfar12,
Keywords: Cause of death []; Tehran, non-communicable disease, spatial cluster detection, spatial scan statistic
BACKGROUND: Inequity in megacities is a real concern in public health perspective. Tehran is a megacity with more than 8 million population that is divided into 22 regions (counties) with considerable diversity in socioeconomic status. On the other hand, spatial cluster detection is an important tool in disease surveillance to identify areas of elevated risk and to generate hypotheses about disease or mortality etiology. The present research aims to identify high or low-risk clusters for five non-communicable leading causes of death in 22 regions of Tehran province.
METHODS: Cause-specific mortality rates were extracted from Behesht-e-Zahra registry system for Tehran province in 2011. Spatial scan statistic as a most common method in spatial cluster detection was chosen to detect clusters with elevated risk of death. Given the observed and expected number death in each region, a log likelihood ratio (LLR) criterion was used to test whether a cluster is significant. 
RESULT: Two high-risk and two low-risk clusters were detected for each cause of death. All these clusters were statistically significant with p-value less than 0.05. Mapping these clusters shows substantial differences between regions in Tehran. For mortality due to ischemic heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, hypertensive diseases, respiratory diseases, and stomach cancer, the high-risk clusters concentrated in southern half of Tehran and low-risk clusters were in northern half of Tehran. In the most situations, regions 2, 3 and 5 seemed to have lower rate of death comparing with other regions. On the other hand, regions, 16, 19 and 20 were in the high rate clusters.
CONCLUSION: There was substantial disparity between regions of Tehran for five non-communicable causes of death studied in this article. Identifying factors affecting the observed differences is useful to set effective preventive interventions and can be investigated in future researches.
ISSN:1029-2977       Article type:Original
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