Image of the Month

Damavand, the highest Asian inactive volcano in the Alborz mountains, around 66 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (the highest elevation is 5,671 m) (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, Winter 2015).

A winter view of Abali, around 57 km in the northeastern Tehran, Iran (Photo by M. H. Azizi MD, 2015).


Announcement

The collection of articles appearing in the current book consists of manuscripts on the history of medicine in Iran, initially published from 1998 to 2014 in the “Archives of Iranian Medicine” (AIM). These articles are categorized into four separate parts, based on their subjects: Part 1) Ancient Times, Medieval Period, Part 2) Contemporary Medicine, Part 3) Outstanding Physicians and Part 4) Historical Background of Fatal Diseases in Iran. These 73 manuscripts have now been compiled in a 446 pages book for those who are interested in the history of Iranian medicine.more

Since the Archive of Iranian Medicine (AIM) journal presents as Open Access monthly, online periodical from May 2013, thus dear readers may refer to the journal website (www.aimjournal.ir) for free downloading of the published papers.

AIM Office


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A Monthly Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal Published by the Academy of Medical Sciences of the I.R. Iran; Indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINHAL, PASCAL, CSA, SID, ISSN: Print 1029-2977, Online 1735-3947.The impact factor of Archives of Iranian Medicine according to Journal Citation Reports®(JCR®) 2012 is 1.222.

Announcement
Dear Readers;

The Archives of Iranian Medicine Journal will not accept case reports from March 2015 until December 2016.

With best regards
AIM Office
  
Selected Article
Burden of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases—Measles, Tetanus, Diphtheria and Whooping Cough—in Iran: Findings from the GBD study 2010 1

Authors’ affiliations: 1School of Public Health, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran. 2Non-communicable diseases research center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 4Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 5Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 6Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

·Corresponding Author and reprints: Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari MD MPH PhD, Assistant professor of Epidemiology, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98 21-22431993, E-mail: saeedh_1999@yahoo.com

Accepted for publication: 13 April 2016

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Authors: Yaser Mokhayeri1, Shohreh Naderimagham2, Rasool Mohammadi3, Ebrahim Rahimi4, Shadi Rahimzadeh5, Alireza Badirzadeh6, *Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari7,
 
Keywords: Diphtheria, Iran, measles, tetanus, vaccine, whooping cough

 BACKGROUND: Vaccination has been one of the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions in the last century and has saved millions of lives. In 1984, the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) was launched in Iran as one of the main components of Primary Health Care (PHC). 

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the burden of four vaccine-preventable diseases from 1990 to 2010 in Iran.
METHODS: GBD study 2010 includes death rates, Years of Life Lost (YLLs), Years Lived with Disability (YLDs) and Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs). YLLs is calculated through multiplying the number of deaths in each age group by a reference life expectancy for the same age group, while YLDs can be obtained from the prevalence of a disease multiplied by the disability weight (DW) for the same disease. The sum of these two indices yields DALYs. In the present study, we tried to produce new graphs and explain more about Iran results.  We also describe the GBD study limitations.
RESULTS: Regardless of gender differences, DALYs rates for measles at all ages were 86.1220 and 5.5703 per 100 000 in 1990 and 2010, respectively, indicating approximately 94% decrease in this disease. The maximum and minimum rates of deaths from whooping cough for males aged under 5 was 4.0674 and 0.2713 per 100 000 in 1990 and 2000, respectively, which shows 93% decline in whooping cough from in this period. 
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that vaccination has had a positive impact on the control of communicable diseases. But the results of this study have some limitations similar to GBD study which may pave the way for decision makers about other public health interventions. Moreover, since measuring the impact of various diseases on health plays an important role in public health, it can be an important step toward prioritization in health.
 
ISSN:1029-2977       Article type:Original
  
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