Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(11 Suppl. 1):S15-S18.
PMID: 29481119
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Original Article

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Bushehr, Iran

Ahmad Ali Noorbala 1 * , Seyed Abbas Bagheri Yazdi 2, Soghrat Faghihzadeh 3, Koorosh Kamali 4, Elham Faghihzadeh 5, Ahmad Hajebi 6, Shahin Akhondzadeh 7, Arvin Hedayati 8, Fatemah Akbari Zadeh 9

1 Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
2 Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran,
3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
4 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
5 Department of Biostatistics, Paramedical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
6 Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychiatric Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
7 Psychiatric Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
8 Psychiatrist, Psychosomatic Medicine Fellowship, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran,
9 Mental Health Expertise of Bushehr Provincial Health Center, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.
‚óŹCorresponding author and reprints: Ahmad Ali Noorbala MD, Head of Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Keshavarz Blv., Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98-21-61190000, Email: noorbala1@tums.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: This research aims to determine the mental health status of population aged 15 and over in the province of Bushehr in 2015.

Methods: The statistical population of this cross-sectional field survey consisted of residents of urban and rural areas of Bushehr province in Iran. Through systematic random cluster sampling, 1200 individuals were selected from the residents of urban and rural areas of Bushehr, Deilam and Borazjan. The 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire was applied as the screening tool. Data were analyzed using SPSS, version 18.0 for windows.

Results: The results of this study showed that using the traditional scoring method, 23.4% of the subjects (29% of females and 14.7% of males) were suspected of mental disorders. The prevalence of suspected psychiatric disorders in rural areas (24.5%) was more than the prevalence of these disorders in urban areas (22.8%). The prevalence of suspected anxiety and the somatization of symptoms was higher than the prevalence of social dysfunction and depression, and the prevalence of these components was higher in women than men. The findings of this study also showed that the prevalence of suspected cases of mental disorders increased significantly with age. The prevalence of suspected cases of these disorders was higher among females, the age group of 65 and older, people living in rural areas, divorced and widowed, students and primary and secondary education than other groups.

Conclusion: The results of this study show that more than one fourth of the sample were suspected of mental disorders, and the prevalence of these disorders has increased from 21.3% in 1999 to 23.4% in 2015. Therefore, it seems necessary for the provincial public health authorities to take the needed steps for providing requirements encompassing prevention and promotion of mental health in this area.

Cite this article as: Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A,  Akhondzadeh S, Hedayati A, Akbari Zadeh F. A survey on mental health status of adult population aged 15 and above in the province of Bushehr, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2017; 20(11 Suppl. 1): S15 – S18. 
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