Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(11 Suppl. 1):S43-S46.
PMID: 29481126
Scopus id: 85040529834
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Original Article

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Hormozgan, Iran

Ahmad Ali Noorbala 1, Seyed Abbas Bagheri Yazdi 2, Soghrat Faghihzadeh 3, Koorosh Kamali 4, , Elham Faghihzadeh 5, Ahmad Hajebi 6, Shahin Akhondzadeh 7, Seyed Mojtaba Yasini Ardekani 8, Taherah Golamzadeh 9

1 Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
2 Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran,
3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
4 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
5 Department of Biostatistics, Paramedical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
6 Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychiatric Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
7 Psychiatric Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
8 Depratment of Psychiatry, Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran,
9 Responsible Manager of Mental Health office of Hormozgan Provincial Health Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Article

Introduction: This research aims to determine the mental health status of population aged 15 and over in the province of Hormozgan in 2015.

Methods: This cross-sectional field study was conducted on the residents of both urban and rural areas of the Hormozgan province. Through systematic random cluster sampling, 1200 individuals were selected from the residents of urban and rural areas of Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh and Minab. The 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire was applied as the tool of screening. The data were analyzed using SPSS, version 18.0 for windows.

Results: This study indicates that using the traditional scoring method, 28.2% of study population are highly suspicious for psychiatric disorders (35.4% of females and 21.1% of males). The prevalence of probable psychiatric disorders in urban areas (28.9%) was higher than rural areas (26.5%). The prevalence of probable somatization and anxiety was higher than the prevalence of social dysfunction and depression, and also the prevalence of these disorders was higher in women. The findings of this study show that the prevalence of probable psychiatric disorders has a direct relationship with increasing age and the prevalence of such disorders is higher in women, urban residents, individuals aged more than 65 years, divorced and widowed individuals, illiterate, housewives and unemployed people.

Conclusion: The results of this study show that 28.2% of study population (more than a fourth) are suspicious for psychiatric disorders, and the prevalence of these disorders increased from 22.9% in 1999 to 28.2% in 2015. So, health authorities in this province have to do their best for provision, maintenance and improvement of mental health.

Cite this article as: Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A,  Akhondzadeh S, Yasini Ardekani SM, Golamzadeh T. A survey on mental health status of adult population aged 15 and above in the province of Hormozgan, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2017; 20(11 Suppl. 1): S43 – S46.
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Submitted: 18 Oct 2017
First published online: 24 Dec 2017
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