Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(11 Suppl. 1):S47-S50.
PMID: 29481127
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Original Article

A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Ilam, Iran

Ahmad Ali Noorbala 1 * , Seyed Abbas Bagheri Yazdi 2, Soghrat Faghihzadeh 3, Koorosh Kamali 4, Elham Faghihzadeh 5, Ahmad Hajebi 6, Shahin Akhondzadeh 7, Seyed Taha Yahyavi 8, Soheila Baluchi 9

1 Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
2 Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, Tehran, Iran,
3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
4 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran,
5 Department of Biostatistics, Paramedical School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
6 Research Center for Addiction and Risky Behaviors (ReCARB), Psychiatric Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
7 Psychiatric Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
8 Psychiatrist, School of Medicine, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran,
9 Responsible Manager of Mental Health office of Ilam Provincial Health Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
‚óŹCorresponding author and reprints: Ahmad Ali Noorbala MD, Head of Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Keshavarz Blv., Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98-21-61190000, Email: noorbala1@tums.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: This research aims to determine the mental health status of population aged 15 and over in the province of Ilam in 2015.

Methods: The statistical population of this cross-sectional field survey consisted of residents of urban and rural areas of Ilam in Iran. An estimated sample size of 1200 people was chosen using systematic random cluster sampling. The access was provided by the contribution of Geographical Post Office of Ilam, Dehloran and Eyvan cities. The General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) was used as the screening tool for mental disorders. The analysis of data in the current study was carried out using the SPSS-18 software.

Results: Using GHQ traditional scoring method, the results showed that 32.4% of individuals (37% of females, and 28.1% of males) were likely to have a mental disorder. The prevalence of suspected cases of mental disorders was 33% in urban and 31% in rural areas. The prevalence of mental disorders was higher in females, people living in urban areas, those aged 65 years and above, divorced or widowed, illiterate, and the retired compared to other groups. In addition, the prevalence increased with age. The prevalence of anxiety and somatization symptoms was higher than social dysfunction and depression. Moreover, the prevalence of these symptoms was higher in females than males.

Conclusion: Almost one third of the samples were likely to have a mental disorder. Therefore, the provincial authorities and health providers should take essential steps for providing and maintaining mental health services to promote community mental health.

Cite this article as: Noorbala AA, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Faghihzadeh S, Kamali K, Faghihzadeh E, Hajebi A,  Akhondzadeh S, Yahyavi ST, Baluchi S. A survey on mental health status of adult population aged 15 and above   in the province of Ilam, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2017; 20(11 Suppl. 1): S47 – S50. 
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