Arch Iran Med. 2012;15(5): 0-0.
PMID: 22519375
Scopus ID: 84877735033
  Abstract View: 651
  PDF Download: 426

Original Article

Assessment and Treatment of Choledocholithiasis when Endoscopic Sphincterotomy is not Successful

Abolfazl Shojaiefard, Majid Esmaeilzadeh, Zhamak Khorgami * , Rasoul Sotoudehmanesh, Ali Ghafouri


BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis exists in approximately 15% of patients with gallstones and is present in 3%-10% of those undergoing cholecystectomy.
METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the outcome patients with choledocholithiasis that were managed by open common bile duct (CBD) exploration according to our center's protocol. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was performed for CBD stone clearance. If ERCP and sphincterotomy were not successful, open surgical exploration of CBD was performed with T-tube insertion without routine intraoperative cholangiography (IOC).
RESULTS: We studied 1462 patients with choledocholithiasis. ERCP was successful in in 1276 (87.2%) patients. A total of 186 (12.8%) underwent surgery. Of these, 82 (45.2%) had CBD exploration and T-tube insertion without IOC. Choledochoduodenostomy was performed in 82 (44.1%) patients and choledochojejunostomy was performed in 20 (10.8%). Retained stones were found only in 4 cases which were treated by ERCP.
CONCLUSION: ERCP is successful in most cases with choledocholithiasis. If ERCP fails, open exploration of CBD and T-tube insertion, or biliary-enteric anastomosis are acceptable ways for CBD drainage. The rate of retained stone is not more than expected, thus elective IOC is more acceptable than routine IOC. Routine IOC is time-consuming and particularly difficult in elderly patients and emergency conditions.

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ePublished: 01 May 2012
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