Arch Iran Med. 2012;15(9):0-0.
PMID: 22924373
Scopus id: 84866043175
  Abstract View: 332
  PDF Download: 229

Original Article

A Comparative Study of Recombinant Human Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF) and Erythropoietin (EPO) in Prevention of Skin Flap Ischemic Necrosis in Rats

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Impaired wound healing in ischemic tissues such as skin flaps resulting from inefficient perfusion is one major cause of complications in plastic surgery. In present experimental study, we investigated the effects of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2 or bFGF) and erythropoietin (EPO) in prevention of skin flap necrosis in rats.
METHODS: 30 adult albino rats were randomized into 3 groups: in control group, normal saline solution; in EPO group, erythropoietin (100U/kg/day); and in FGF-2 group, fibroblast growth factor-2 (2.5µg/day) were injected subcutaneously in 3 daily consecutive doses in the designated flap areas before creating 4:1 random pattern skin flaps on the dorsum of animals. Areas of ischemic (SI) and necrotic (SN) zones were measured and compared in all groups one week after the flap creations.
RESULTS: The necrotic zone (SN), as well as the ratio of the necrotic zone to the total discolored zone (SN/[SI+SN]) were substantially larger in the control group (41%±7%, 90%±6%) compared to the EPO (20%±2%, 42%±4%) and the FGF-2 (8%±2%, 19%±3%) groups (p<0.001). The differences in these values were also meaningful between the EPO and FGF-2 groups (p<0.001).Vascular density in ischemic area of the control group was less than those in the EPO and the FGF-2 groups; however, the differences were not statistically significant between any of the groups (p>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Local administration of erythropoietin or fibroblast growth factor-2 in skin flaps could remarkably increase tissue viability and accelerate the wound healing process. However, the therapeutic effect of fibroblast growth factor-2 in preventing the necrotic event in ischemic zones of skin flaps is much more considerable than that of erythropoietin.

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First published online: 01 Sep 2012
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