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Arch Iran Med. 2014;17(5):0-0.
PMID: 24784867
Scopus id: 84899881654
  Abstract View: 435
  PDF Download: 315

Original Article

Silibinin Induces Apoptosis and Inhibits Proliferation of Estrogen Receptor (ER)-Negative Breast Carcinoma Cells through Suppression of Nuclear Factor Kappa B Activation

Meysam Yousefi, Seyed Hamidollah Ghaffari * , Ali Zekri, Saeed Hassani, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Silibinin is a traditionally well-known drug for its hepatoprotective efficacy against various types of liver afflictions. In addition, it has recently been considered broadly as a potential chemopreventive agent against many types of cancers. The current study was designed to evaluate the restrictive effects of pharmacological doses of silibinin on SKBR3, an ErbB2-overexpressed and ER-negative human breast carcinoma cell line.
METHODS: Effect of silibinin on metabolic activity and proliferation of human breast carcinoma (SKBR3) cell line were evaluated by MTT and BrdU assays respectively. Furthermore, the proapoptotic effect of silibinin was investigated using flow cytometry. The NF-κB phosphorylation assay was also used to assess the effect of silibinin on NF-κB activation. The alkalizing effect of silibinin on SKBR3 cell line was evaluated by measuring pH of media of the silibinin-treated cells compared to control.
RESULTS: Our results indicate that silibinin inhibited
metabolic activity and cell proliferation of SKBR3 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, silibinin significantly induced apoptosis in SKBR3 cells. On the other hand, silibinin significantly inhibited activation of NF-κB which is known to be highly active in this cell line. Alkalizing effect of silibinin was also observed.
CONCLUSION: The results obtained here indicate that silibinin may be an efficacious therapeutic agent against ER-negative breast carcinomas with high inhibitory effect on NF-κB .

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First published online: 01 May 2014
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