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Arch Iran Med. 2015;18(3): 0-0.
PMID: 25773691
Scopus ID: 84924411427
  Abstract View: 822
  PDF Download: 477

Original Article

Evaluating the miR-302b and miR-145 Expression in Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded Samples of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Mojtaba Tabrizi, Mitra Khalili, Mohammad Vasei, Nazila Nouraei, Nader Mansour Samaei, Ali Khavanin, Mehrdad Khajehei, Seyed Javad Mowla *

Abstract

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs are involved in key cellular processes regulating, and their misregulation is linked to cancer. The miR-302-367 cluster is exclusively expressed in embryonic stem and carcinoma cells. This cluster also promotes cell reprogramming and stemness process. In contrast, miR-145 is mostly regarded as a tumor suppressor, where it regulates cellular functions such as cell division, differentiation, and apoptosis. By suppressing the main pluripotency factors (OCT4, SOX2, MYC and KLF4), miR-145 silences the self-renewal program in ESCs. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to find a potential link between the expression level of hsa-miR-302b and hsa-miR-145 with tumor vs. non-tumor as well as high-grade vs. low-grade states of the esophageal tissue samples.

METHODS: A total number of 40 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples of esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC) were obtained, and the tumor and marginal non-tumor areas delineated and punched off by an expert pathologist. Total RNA was extracted with Trizol, and cDNA synthesized using the miRCURY LNA™ Universal RT microRNA PCR Kit. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays were performed using specific LNA-primers and SYBR Green master mix.
RESULTS: The expression level of miR-302b failed to show any significant difference, neither between tumor and their non-tumor counterparts, nor among tumors with different grades of malignancies (P > 0.05). In contrast, miR-145 was significantly down regulated in all grades of tumor samples (P < 0.001). However, its expression level could not discriminate between different grades of malignancy (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our data revealed a significant down-regulation of miR-145 in ESCC tissue samples. Based on our ROC curve analysis data (AUC = 0.74, P < 0.001) miR-145 could be regarded as a potential tumor marker for diagnosis of esophageal cancer. 
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ePublished: 01 Mar 2015
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