Arch Iran Med. 2015;18(11):0-0.
PMID: 26497373
Scopus id: 84944733304
  Abstract View: 381
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Original Article

Investigation of ITGB2 Gene in 12 New Cases of Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency-Type I Revealed Four Novel Mutations from Iran

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I (LAD-I) is a rare, autosomal recessive inherited immunodeficiency disease. LAD-I is caused by mutations in the ITGB2 gene and characterized by recurrent severe bacterial infections, as well as impaired wound healing with lack of pus formation.

METHODS: In this study, we investigated ITGB2 gene mutations in 12 patients and their parents. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood samples. All coding regions of the ITGB2 gene were amplified using PCR and followed by direct sequencing.
RESULTS: Genetic analysis revealed 12 different homozygous mutations, including six missense (c.382G>A, c.2146G>C, c.715G>A, c.691G>C, C.1777C>T and new C.1685G>A), two new nonsense (c.1336G>T and c.1821C>A), three-frame shift (c.1143delc, c.1907delA and new c.474dupC) and a splice site (c.1877+2T>C). Flow cytometry analysis of CD11/CD18 expression on neutrophils revealed defect in CD18 in all twelve cases (1.4% to 42%), CD11a in ten cases (0.1% to 26.7%), CD11b in nine cases (1.2% to 58.8%), and CD11c in all cases (0% to 18.1%). The patients’ parents were both heterozygous carriers.
CONCLUSION: Our findings showed four new mutations in the ITGB2 gene. These results can be used for decisive genetic diagnosis, genetic counseling, as well as prenatal diagnosis for all patients who are suspended to LADI.
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First published online: 01 Nov 2015
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