Arch Iran Med March. 2020;23(3): 181-188.
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  PDF Download: 226

Review Article

An Overview of Oncology Researches in Iran: A Scientometric Approach (1974 – February 2019)

Mohammad Reza Masjedi 1,2,3, Azam Bazrafshan 4 * , Alireza Mosavi Jarrahi 1,2, Mohammad Ali Mohagheghi 1,5, Abolghasem Abasahl 1, Hamid Attarian 1, Ramesh Omranipour 1,6, Mandana Afsharpad 1 * ORCID logo

1 Cancer Control Research Center, Cancer Control Foundation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Tobacco Control Research Center (TCRC), Iranian Anti-tobacco Association, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
5 Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute of Iran, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Surgical Oncology, Cancer Institute, Emam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran


Background: With the growing rate of tumors, cancer has become one of the most important health concerns in Iran. The urgency with which Iranian researchers and health professionals address this challenge leads to a load of scientific materials.

Methods: To reveal gaps in produced knowledge and suggest future research directions, applying well-validated scientometric tools, we assessed the trends of Iranian published scientific articles and citations in the field of oncology. The inclusion criteria consisted of all oncology-related articles that were data-based, and peer-reviewed; with at least an abstract published in English; and authored by at least one researcher affiliated with Iranian institutions.

Results: Amongst 5063525 oncology research records indexed in at least one of PubMed, Scopus, or Web of Science Core Collection (WoS) from the start to February 2019, Iranian researches accounted for about 24867 (0.49%). Published articles on all cancers by Iranian researchers had a sharp continuously ascending trend, with the same pattern for citations received. Some important topics such as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies have been missing and some such as diagnostic and pharmaceutical innovations have been less investigated. The most collaborative country was the United States, while no close collaboration was observed with China that was introduced as the most productive country in the field of oncology over the past decades.

Conclusion: Despite the progressive trend in most oncology fields, some significant practical topics are still missing. Systematic reviews of produced theoretical innovations and translating them to functional knowledge can be of importance to fulfill the mentioned gaps.

Keywords: Cancer research, Co-citation analysis, Data visualization, Social network analysis
Cite this article as: Masjedi MR, Bazrafshan A, Mosavi Jarrahi A, Mohagheghi MA, Abasahl A, Attarian H, et al. An overview of oncology researches in Iran: a scientometric approach (1974 – February 2019). Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(3):181–188.
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Submitted: 27 Jul 2019
Accepted: 27 Nov 2019
ePublished: 01 Mar 2020
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