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Arch Iran Med March. 2020;23(4): 249-254.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.06
  Abstract View: 5186
  PDF Download: 3864

Original Article

COVID-19 and Iranian Medical Students; A Survey on Their Related-Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors and Risk Perception

Mohammad Hossein Taghrir 1 ORCID logo, Roham Borazjani 1 * ORCID logo, Ramin Shiraly 2 ORCID logo

1 Medical Student at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Student research committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Background: Since December 2019, a novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) began its journey around the world. Medical students, as frontline healthcare workers, are more susceptible to be infected by the virus. The aim of this study was to assess COVID-19 related knowledge, self-reported preventive behaviors and risk perception among Iranian medical students within the first week after the onset of the outbreak in Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 26th to 28th of February, 2020. Participants were Iranian medical students (5th-7th year) whose knowledge, preventive behaviors and risk perceptions of COVID-19 were assessed using an online questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 26 questions including 15 items about COVID-19 related knowledge, 9 items regarding preventive measures and 2 items about COVID-19 risk perception. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were shown to be satisfactory.

Results: A total of 240 medical students completed the questionnaire. The mean age of participants was 23.67 years. The average of correct answers of knowledge was 86.96%; and 79.60% had high level of related knowledge. The average rate of practicing preventive behaviors was 94.47%; and 94.2% had high level of performance in preventive behaviors. The cumulative score of risk perception was 4.08 out of 8 which was in moderate range. Risk perception was significantly different between stagers and interns and between those being trained in emergency room (ER) and non-ER wards. There was a significant negative correlation between preventive behaviors and risk perception.

Conclusion: We found a high level of COVID-19 related knowledge and self-reported preventive behaviors and moderate risk perception among Iranian medical students.

Keywords: COVID-19, Health behavior, Knowledge, Medical students, Prevention and control, Risk
Cite this article as: Taghrir MH, Borazjani R, Shiraly R. COVID-19 and Iranian medical students; a survey on their relatedknowledge, preventive behaviors and risk perception. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(4):249–254. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.06.
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Submitted: 09 Mar 2020
Accepted: 20 Mar 2020
ePublished: 01 Apr 2020
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