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Arch Iran Med. 2021;24(8): 591-598.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2021.84
  Abstract View: 282
  PDF Download: 337

Original Article

Effect of Maternal Pethidine on Breast Feeding Behavior of Infants in Cesarean Section by Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Majid Dejbakht 1, Zohreh Montaseri 2, Jalal Saem 3 ORCID logo, Mehrdad Rezaei 4 ORCID logo, Marzieh Akbarzadeh 5* ORCID logo

1 Department of Nursing, Gerash Amir-al-Momenin Medical and Educational Center, Gerash University of Medical Sciences, Gerash, Iran
2 Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Anesthesiologist and Intensive Care, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 Department of Pediatrics, Research Center of Neonatology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
5 Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
*Corresponding Author: Marzieh Akbarzadeh, MSc, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Tel: 0711-6474250; Fax; 0711-647425; Email: akbarzadm@sums.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Pain control methods after cesarean section may interfere with infant breast-feeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pethidine on breast feeding of infants born via cesarean section with spinal anesthesia.

Methods: In this randomized double-blind clinical trial, we evaluated 116 infants born via cesarean section in Gerash Amiralmomenin hospital (Southern Iran) in 2017. The subjects were selected through purposive sampling and randomly by permuted block randomization and assigned to intervention and control groups. The test group received 100 mg of pethidine as intravenous infusion and the control group received only routine cares. Infants’ breast feeding behavior in both groups was recorded within 48 hours of hospitalization, using the standard tool for rapid assessment of infant feeding behavior, which consists of 4 main components of breastfeeding, including readiness to feed, rooting, latching, and sucking with a score range of 0 to 3 for each component evaluated at 1, 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours postnatally. Data were analyzed using independent t tests and chi-square test.

Results: The highest score of breast-feeding behavior pertained to sucking reflexes in the control group and the lowest score to breast feeding readiness in the pethidine group. Readiness for feeding in the control group (2.09±0.53) was significantly higher than the pethidine group (1.81±0.61) (95% CI: 0.0552, 0.5092 and P=0.015). Sucking reflex (95% CI: -0.1461, 0.2208 and P=0.687), latching (95% CI: -0.3012, 0.0345 and P=0.118) and rooting reflexes (95% CI: -0.1685, 0.2342 and P=0.747) were almost equal in the control group (2.54±0.49, 2.52±0.38, 2.5±0.48, respectively) and pethidine groups (2.51±0.43, 2.65±0.45, 2.46±0.53, respectively). The total score of feeding behavior in the control group (9.66±1.04) was higher than that of the pethidine group (9.44 ±.69) (95% CI: -0.2032, 0.6412 and P=0.306). There was no significant difference between the infants’ feeding frequency (95% CI: -0.269, 1.930 and P=0.137) and duration of feeding (95% CI: -3.2067, 0.4597 and P=0.14).

Conclusion: Evaluation of infants in the first 48 hours after birth showed that those babies whose mothers received pethidine were less willing to start breast-feeding. However, other components of breast-feeding behaviors were similar.


Keywords: Breast feeding, Behavior, Cesarean section, Pethidine, Spinal
Cite this article as: Dejbakhat M, Montaseri Z, Saem J, Rezaei M, Akbarzadeh M. Effect of Maternal Pethidine on Breast Feeding Behavior of Infants in Cesarean Section by Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Arch Iran Med. 2021;24(8):591-598. doi: 10.34172/aim.2021.84
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Submitted: 04 Apr 2020
Accepted: 30 Sep 2020
ePublished: 01 Aug 2021
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