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Arch Iran Med. 2019;22(9):482-488.
  Abstract View: 75
  PDF Download: 117

Original Article

Obstetric Outcomes of Syrian Refugees and Turkish Citizens

Ahkam Göksel Kanmaz 1 * ORCID logo, Abdurrahman Hamdi İnan 1, Emrah Beyan 1, Su Özgür 2, Adnan Budak 3

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital Izmir, Turkey
2 Department of Biostatical, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University Izmir, Turkey
3 Izmir Provincial Health Directorate, Izmir, Turkey

Abstract

Background: To present the differences in prenatal, labor and neonatal outcomes for Syrian refugees and Turkish citizens.

Methods: Between January 2013 and December 2016, all patients in our hospital were screened retrospectively. Totally, 17000 pregnant women included in the study were divided into three groups: group 1: 4802 pregnant in Syrian refugees group; group 2: 6752 pregnant in the low-income Turkish citizens (LI groups); and group 3: 5446 women in high-income Turkish citizens (HI groups). The groups were compared for demographic parameters, prenatal, labor and postnatal results.

Results: Age, gestational week, birth weights, antenatal follow-up, antenatal iron supplementation and prenatal hemoglobin (Hb) values were significantly lower in the Syrian refugee group (P < 0.001). Only moderate preterm delivery and moderate low birth weight were higher in the refugee group (P = 0.023 and P = 0.001). Stillbirth rates were similar in all three groups (P = 0.203), but all other neonatal complications were higher in the Turkish citizens group.

Conclusion: In comparison to non-refugee control patients, adverse perinatal outcomes were not observed in pregnant refugees. The refugee health policies of the Republic of Turkey seem to be working. However, further larger multicenter studies may provide more convincing data about obstetric outcomes and health results in the Syrian refugee population.

Keywords: Neonatal, Outcome, Pregnancy, Prenatal, Refugee, Syrian
Cite this article as: Kanmaz AG, İnan AH, Beyan E, Özgür S, Budak A. Obstetric outcomes of Syrian refugees and Turkish citizens. Arch Iran Med. 2019;22(9):482–488.
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Submitted: 04 Oct 2018
Accepted: 23 Jun 2019
First published online: 01 Sep 2019
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