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Arch Iran Med. 2019;22(11): 646-652.
  Abstract View: 114
  PDF Download: 91

Original Article

WHO Ending Childhood Obesity and Iran-Ending Childhood Obesity Programs Based on Urban Health Equity Indicators: A Qualitative Content Analysis

Neda Ezzeddin 1 * , Hassan Eini-Zinab 2, Marjan Ajami 2, Naser Kalantari 2, Mahdieh Sheikhi 2

1 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Community Nutrition, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute; and Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: The childhood obesity epidemic is one of the most serious global health challenges, and many relevant policies have been designed and implemented. Regarding health equity policy-making, it is important to adopt proper interventional strategies, including childhood obesity policies. The purpose of this study is to assess compliance with the WHO Ending Childhood Obesity (ECHO), and the Iran-Ending Childhood Obesity (IRAN-ECHO) program draft in terms of Urban Health Equity Indicators (UHEIs) in Iran.

Methods: This is a descriptive study, using a directed quantitative content analysis approach to analyze the ECHO report and IRAN-ECHO program draft, based on Iranian UHEI. The UHEI consist of 52 indicators in 5 domains. The frequency of each code in the ECHO report and IRAN-ECHO draft was calculated and analyzed.

Results: In total, 148 and 84 phrases or words in ECHO and IRAN-ECHO were encoded with UHEI concepts. The results showed that the physical activity indicator was the most frequent among indicators in both ECHO (n = 48, 32.43%) and IRAN-ECHO (n = 41, 48.80%). Indicators 28 (prevalence of underweight in children under 5, n = 14, 9.45%) and 19 (use of primary care services, n = 21, 25%) were the next most frequent in ECHO and IRAN-ECHO, respectively.

Conclusion: In this study, ECHO and IRAN-ECHO had high compliance with some UHEI, especially indicators placed in domain 3 (social and human development). It indicates that social and human development plays an important role in preventing and controlling childhood obesity.

Keywords: Content analysis, Health equity, Pediatric obesity
Cite this article as: Ezzeddin N, Eini-Zinab H, Ajami M, Kalantari N, Sheikhi M. WHO Ending Childhood Obesity and IranEnding Childhood Obesity Programs based on urban health equity indicators: a qualitative content analysis. Arch Iran Med. 2019;22(11):646–652.
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Submitted: 22 Jan 2019
Accepted: 30 Jun 2019
ePublished: 01 Nov 2019
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