Logo-aim
Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(COVID-19 Special Issue): S38-S42.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.s8

Scopus ID: 85084170595
  Abstract View: 934
  PDF Download: 294

Opinion

“War Epidemiology” Versus “Peace Epidemiology”: A Personal View

Mohsen Rezaeian 1* ORCID logo

1 Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Occupational Environmental Research Center, Rafsanjan Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Mohsen Rezaeian, PhD; Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Occupational Environmental Research Center, Rafsanjan Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. Email: moeygmr2@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

Epidemiology can be considered as a responsible public health science the aim of which is to control health problems. One of the most important public health problems is “war”. The aim of the present paper, therefore, is threefold: firstly, to determine to what extent war has been investigated from an epidemiological point of view; secondly, what the definition and scope of “war epidemiology” would be; and thirdly, if it would be possible to introduce a new branch of epidemiology entitled “peace epidemiology”. In the present study, I have tried to fulfill the aims of the study based on my experiences in war and peace epidemiology and also by reviewing the most relevant websites, documents and papers. Evidence suggests that enough epidemiological studies have not been carried out to determine the sheer public health consequences of war. “War epidemiology” can be defined as “the study of the distribution and determinants of war-related events in specified populations, and the application of this study to the control of war”. “Peace epidemiology” is a new branch of epidemiology which “highlights how peace could positively shape our world”. Epidemiologists need to produce more scientific evidence about the negative public health consequences of wars and also the positive public health consequences of peace. The ultimate aim of “war epidemiology” is to control war, usually by secondary and tertiary prevention activities. However, the ultimate aim of “peace epidemiology” is to reinforce peace by primary and/or primordial prevention activities.
Keywords: Armed conflicts,, Epidemiology, Peace, War-related injuries
Cite this article as: Rezaeian M. “War epidemiology” versus “peace epidemiology”: a personal view. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(4 suppl 1):S38–S42. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.s8.
First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 935

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 294

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

Submitted: 25 Feb 2019
Accepted: 12 Oct 2019
ePublished: 01 Apr 2020
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)