Logo-aim
Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(COVID-19 Special Issue): S23-S26.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.s5

Scopus ID: 85084276594
  Abstract View: 1116
  PDF Download: 379

Review Article

Peace, Health, and Sustainable Development in the Middle East

Amirhossein Takian 1,2,3*, Golnaz Rajaeieh 4

1 Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Global Health and Public Policy, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Health Equity Research Centre (HERC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Community Nutrition, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Health Equity Research Centre (HERC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences Email takian@tums.ac.ir
*Corresponding Author: Amirhossein Takian, PhD; Department of Global Health and Public Policy, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 2nd Floor, New Building, Poursina Ave., Tehran, Iran. Tel: +98-021-42933225, Email: takian@tums.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: As two essential human rights, as well as pillars of sustainable development, health and peace are closely interrelated. Further, health and well-being are the focus of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3, while peace lies at the heart of SDG 16. This paper investigates the relationship between the three concepts of health, peace and sustainable development in the relevant literature.

Methods: This is a qualitative study. Following the establishment of the construct of peace and health through consultation with three key informants (one health sociologists, one high-ranking diplomat, and one health policy maker), we conducted a scoping review of the literature, followed by purposefully obtained grey literature, i.e. UN and country reports. As a result, 30 documents, including journal articles, were identified. We used content analysis to extract themes and categorize them in line with the relevant SDGs.

Results: Lack of peace has direct and indirect impact on health, as well as health workers, the civil society, and the whole community who have in turn a critical role in creating peace. Strong and resilient health systems are essential in reaching out to citizens during war, while achieving SDGs would be impossible if SDG 16 is compromised. Health and peace are interchangeable, and achieving either is impossible without the other.

Conclusion: Physicians and other human resources for health are the key actors in peaceful environment to attain health for all. In the absence of peace, the resilience of health system will be threatened and the hope for sustainable development may fade.

Keywords: Health, Middle East, Peace, Sustainable development
Cite this article as: Takian A, Rajaeieh G. Peace, health, and sustainable development in the Middle East. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(4 suppl 1):S23–S26. doi:10.34172/aim.2020.s5.
First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 1117

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 379

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

Submitted: 25 Feb 2019
Accepted: 12 Oct 2019
ePublished: 01 Apr 2020
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)