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Arch Iran Med. 2019;22(11): 663-670.
  Abstract View: 71
  PDF Download: 80

Review

Cesarean or Cesarean Epidemic?

Abdollah Jafarzadeh 1,2, Maryam Hadavi 2,3 * ORCID logo, Gholamhossein Hasanshahi 2, Mohsen Rezaeian 4, Reza Vazirinejad 5, Fariba Aminzadeh 6, Ali Sarkoohi 7

1 Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2 Molecular Medicine Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
3 Department of Anesthesiology, Paramedical Faculty, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Occupational Environmental Research Center, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
5 Department of Social Medicine, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
6 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
7 Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

Abstract

Due to advances in surgical procedure, anesthesia techniques, blood transfusion and antibiotic therapy, the technique of cesarean section has been progressing over the time. However, cesarean section is still a risk-specific operation, with long-term and shortterm consequences for the mother and neonate. The rate of cesarean surgery is constantly growing due to both justifiable and nonjustifiable medical and non-medical reasons. There is evidence indicating that efforts are made in many countries to reduce the rate of cesarean delivery. In this review article, we try to assess the frequency of cesarean section in different countries, especially Iran. We searched several keywords, including cesarean section prevalence, cesarean section rate, world, delivery, Iran and health policies within the newest articles published in Google Scholar, PubMed, and ISI/Web of Sciences, as well as Iranian databases (Magiran, SID), from January 2017 to April 2019. The results show that there is still a high prevalence of C-section. In Iran, the highest rate of cesarean was in Tehran province (62.1%-72.1%) and the lowest was in Sistan and Baluchestan province (12%). It appears necessary to plan for effective interventions in terms of painless vaginal delivery, improving the quality of vaginal delivery services, proper culture and education.
Keywords: Cesarean section, Delivery, Health policies, Iran
Cite this article as: Tel. Cesarean or cesarean epidemic? Arch Iran Med. 2019;22(11):663–670.
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Submitted: 08 Mar 2018
Accepted: 30 Jun 2019
ePublished: 01 Nov 2019
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