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Arch Iran Med March. 2020;23(3): 197-206.
  Abstract View: 245
  PDF Download: 289

Systematic Review

Community-Based Preventive Interventions for Depression and Anxiety in Women

Fatemeh Mollarahimi Maleki 1, Parissa Massahikhaleghi 2, Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi 2, Farnoush Davoudi 2, Marzieh Nojomi 2 *

1 Department of Community and Family Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2 Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Psychosocial Health Research Institute, Department of Community and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Academy of Medical Sciences of Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: Depression and anxiety are the most common mental disorders and currently, they constitute one of the main causes of disability and death. The high prevalence of psychiatric disorders and their increasing burden are noteworthy. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of community-based preventive interventions for depression and anxiety in women.

Methods: We systematically searched for articles published up to the beginning of 2018, which addressed community-based preventive interventions for depression and anxiety in women. The studies were searched in PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PsycInfo, IranMedex, SID and EMBASE electronic databases. Articles that complied with our inclusion criteria (preventive interventions involving healthy adult women aged 18 to 65 years) were reviewed. Quality assessment of the articles was performed using standard tools. We extracted the required data and reported the results in a narrative form.

Results: Twenty-three articles were identified and entered into the final review. Depression and anxiety symptoms were decreased in more than 70% of interventions. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and exercise were the most effective interventions. In addition, computer and internet-based programs had positive outcomes in both categories of depression and anxiety.

Conclusion: Community-based preventive programs for depression and anxiety in women had promising and positive results. CBT and exercise were the most effortless, yet the most effective interventions to apply. Computer and internet-based programs had the benefit of covering many people simultaneously. These interventions are cost-effective and feasible among Iranian women.

Keywords: Community, Depression, Prevention, Women
Cite this article as: Mollarahimi Maleki F, Massahikhaleghi P, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, Davoudi F, Nojomi M. Community-based preventive interventions for depression and anxiety in women. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(3):197–206.
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Submitted: 18 Mar 2019
Accepted: 30 Oct 2019
ePublished: 01 Mar 2020
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